At its core, safety involves reducing aggression and violence, which is connected to reducing the use of coercive practices (Delaney & Johnson, 2012). According to a 2006 study published in the Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, psychiatric-mental health nursing skills that promote a safe environment include awareness, attending, caring, and connecting (Delaney & Johnson). The APNA Institute for Safe Environments has designated the following as key elements of safe environments: culture and ideology, engagement, space and equipment, staff resources, education and training, patient assessment and monitoring, rules, emergency management, and error prevention. To support psychiatric-mental health nurses in the promotion of safety, APNA has gathered a variety of expert-vetted resources. Browse below for resources and information related to patient engagement, de-escalation, reducing seclusion and restraint, and more.
Elements of a Safe Environment
Safe Environments Discussion Community
Continuing Education on Safety
Delaney, K. R., & Johnson, M. E. (2006). Keeping the unit safe: Mapping psychiatric nursing skills. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 12(4), 198-207.
Delaney, K. R., & Johnson, M. E. (2012). Safety and Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment Moving the Science Forward. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 18(2), 79-80.